• Weather Glossary (#)

    From Daryl Stout@57:57/10 to All on Thu Oct 29 05:31:54 2020

    This weather glossary contains information on more than 2000 terms,
    phrases and abbreviations used by the National Weather Service (NWS)...
    the government agency who makes weather forecasts, and issues weather advisories, watches, and warnings, for the United States, and its
    territories.

    Many of these terms and abbreviations are used by NWS forecasters to communicate between each other and have been in use for many years and
    before many NWS products were directly available to the public. It is the purpose of this glossary to aid you in better understanding NWS products.

    ***

    1-2-3 Rule
    A means of avoiding winds associated with a tropical cyclone by taking
    into account the forecast track error of the National Weather Service
    over a 10 year period which is approximately 100 nm in 24 hours, 200 nm
    for 48 hours and 300 nm in 72 hours. The forecast track error is added
    to the 34 knot wind radii to compute the danger area. The wind radii may
    be found within Tropical Cyclone Forecast Advisory (TCM) forecasts.

    100-year Flood
    A statistic that indicates the magnitude of flood which can be expected
    to occur on average with a frequency of once every 100 years at a given
    point or reach on a river. The 100-year flood is usually developed from a statistical distribution that is based on historical floods. This is also called a base flood.

    100-year Flood Plain
    The flood plain that would be inundated in the event of a 100-year flood.

    500 hPa
    Pressure surface (geopotential height) in the troposphere equivalent to
    about 18,000 feet above sea level. Level of the atmosphere at which half
    the mass of the atmosphere lies above and half below, as measured in
    pressure units. This area is important for understanding surface weather,
    upper air storms tend to be steered in the direction of the winds at this
    level and are highly correlated with surface weather.

    500 mb
    Pressure surface (geopotential height) in the troposphere equivalent to
    about 18,000 feet above sea level. Level of the atmosphere at which half
    the mass of the atmosphere lies above and half below, as measured in
    pressure units. This area is important for understanding surface weather,
    upper air storms tend to be steered in the direction of the winds at this
    level and are highly correlated with surface weather.

    88D
    Doppler Radar currently used nationwide by the National Weather Service.
    --- SBBSecho 3.11-Win32
    * Origin: The Thunderbolt BBS - tbolt.synchro.net (57:57/10)